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'Kazanlik' rose Description
'Kazanlik' rose photo
Photo courtesy of Museo Giardino della Rosa Antica
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
106 favorite votes.  
Average rating: EXCELLENT-.  
Deep pink Damask.
Registration name: Kazanlik
Bred by Unknown (before 1612).
Introduced in Germany by Dr. Georg Dieck in 1889 as 'Rosa damascena var. trigintipetala'.
Introduced in France by Eugene Turbat & Co. in 1930 as 'Professeur Émile Perrot'.
Pink, white undertones, ages to lighter . .  Strong, centifolia, old rose fragrance.  30 petals.  Average diameter 2".  Medium, double (17-25 petals), in small clusters, flat bloom form.  Once-blooming spring or summer.  Small, glandular sepals, leafy sepals buds.  
Armed with thorns / prickles, bushy, upright, well-branched.  Medium green foliage.  7 leaflets.  

Height: 5' to 8' (150 to 245cm).  Width: 4' to 6' (120 to 185cm).
USDA zone 4b through 9b.  Vigorous.  Prune after flowering is finished.  This rose blooms on old wood.  
Breeder's notes:
Bulgaria (Kazanlik region), Turkey (Isparta region)
Patent status unknown (to HelpMeFind).
Varies - see references
'Kazanlik' seems to be the same Damask-type which is also cultivated in Isparta/Turkey and Isfahan/Iran.
A study in 2006 showed that 'Quatre Saisons Blanc Mousseux' is genetically identical to 'Kazanlik' and 'York and Lancaster'.

Prof. Émile Perrot (August 14, 1867 Marcilly-sur-Seine - September 16, 1951 Paris), pharmacist, botanist, mycologist, Professor at the Ecole supérieure de Pharmacie in Paris (1902 onwards). He brought a rose from Persia, which is identical to 'Kazanlik', and was introduced by E. Turbat & Cie as 'Prof. Emile Perrot.

From "Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office from Her Majesty's Consuls in 1867", p. 252:
"Report by Mr. Vice-Consul Blunt on Kizanlik and on the Manufacture of Attar of Roses in the Vilayet of Adrianople for the Year 1866. The district of Kizanlik is in the province of Philippopolio, and is included in the vilayet of Adrianople..."

From "Notable Things of our own Time", by John Timbs, 1868, p. 105: "The rose-fields of the vilayet of Adrianople extend over 12,000 or 14,000 acres, and supply by far the most important source of wealth in the district. The season for picking the roses is from the latter part of April to the early part of June...with hundreds of Bulgarian boys and girls gathering the flowers into baskets..."
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