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'Independence' rose Description
'Independence' rose photo
Photo courtesy of mashamcl
Commercially available
HMF Ratings:
69 favorite votes.  
Average rating: EXCELLENT-.  
Orange or orange-red Floribunda.
Registration name: Independence
Bred by Wilhelm J.H. Kordes II (1891-1976) (Germany, before 1943).
Introduced in Germany by W. Kordes' Söhne (Retail) in before 1951 as 'Kordes' Sondermeldung'.
Introduced in Australia by Hazlewood Bros. Pty. Ltd. in 1952 as 'Kordes' Sondermeldung'.
Floribunda, Polyantha (Europe).  
Orange-red to scarlet.  Moderate fragrance.  35 petals.  Average diameter 4.5".  Large, full (26-40 petals), borne mostly solitary, in small clusters, cupped, urn-shaped bloom form.  Blooms in flushes throughout the season.  
Well-branched.  Large, glossy, dark green foliage.  
USDA zone 6b and warmer.  Hardy.  heat tolerant.  rain tolerant.  Disease susceptibility: disease resistant.  Spring Pruning: Remove old canes and dead or diseased wood and cut back canes that cross. In warmer climates, cut back the remaining canes by about one-third. In colder areas, you'll probably find you'll have to prune a little more than that.  
Germany - Patent No: 621476, 920212
trademarks of 'Kordes Sondermeldung'
as well as 621475 for 'Independence'
United States - Patent No: PP 1,036  on  18 Sep 1951   VIEW USPTO PATENT
US patent lineage states as 'self-seedling of an un-named seedling of Crimson Glory x Baby Château, which differs from the lineage sited in REFERENCES

The name 'Nezhenka' was mentioned as the Russian name for this rose in a lecture by Vera Klimenko at the Fourth International Rose Conference, London 1968.