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'Charles de Mills' rose References
Magazine  (2020)  Page(s) 18. Vol 42, No. 4.  Includes photo(s).
Darrell G. H. Schramm,  The Bizarre Mystery of Charles de Mills. 
The utterly sumptuous rose under the name of Charles de Mills seems to have appeared out of nowhere, it's breeder unknown, it's introducer unknown, its place of origin unknown. But suddenly in the mid-1840s, there it was. Apparently......
Newsletter  (May 2015)  Page(s) 25.  
[From "Suckering Roses Revisited", by Darrell g.h. Schramm, pp. 23-27]
The Gallica hybrids, such as ‘Belle de Crecy (pre-1829), ‘Cardinal de Richelieu’ (1840), and ‘Charles de Mills’ (pre-1790) sucker somewhat thickly, sometimes reproducing themselves as though marching in a phalanx or military band on parade. As such, they create huge, long bushes.
Book  (2005)  Page(s) 34-35.  Includes photo(s).
Charles de Mills. Origin, parentage and date of introduction unknown...Often the name of 'Bizarre Triomphant' is given for this rose. It seems that this not exact, as this latter rose as itsels as synonyms 'Bizarre Changeant', a China, whose colour does not correspond to that of 'Charles de Mills'.
Book  (2002)  Page(s) 31.  
Hybrid Gallica. Before 1746. Rated 8.5
Book  (2000)  Page(s) 156.  Includes photo(s).
‘Charles de Mills’/’Charles Mills’/’Charles Wills’/’Bizarre Triomphant’: Gallique… riche rouge pourpré irisé de cramoisi, qui éclosent en coupe puis s’évanouissent presque à plat, de 8 à 10cm de diamètre… grand arbuste à port arqué…, peu épineux, au feuillage vert sombre. On le rencontre parfois en pleine nature. Pays-Bas avant 1700. RHS Award of Garden Merit, 1993.
Article (magazine)  (Jun 1999)  Page(s) 71.  Includes photo(s).
Book  (Apr 1999)  Page(s) 37, 38.  
[Dickerson lists 'Charles de Mills' and 'Busard Triomphant' separately.] Busard Triomphant ('Ardoisée', 'Bizarre Triomphant', 'Bleu', 'Maheca de Dupont', 'Pourpre Ardoisée', 'Rose Bleu', 'Violette Bronzée') Gallica, Busard (?), pre-1811. The author cites information from several sources... dark violet...
p. 38: [Dickerson lists 'Charles de Mills' and 'Busard Triomphant' separately.] Charles de Mills Gallica. Breeder unknown, pre-1885. The author cites information from different sources... Deep purple red...
Book  (Mar 1999)  Page(s) 44-45, 121.  Includes photo(s).
Charles de Mills ('Charles Mills', 'Charles Wills') Gallica. 'Charles de Mills' seems to have originated in Germany as 'Charles Wills'; its name changed on its arrival in France. Although sometimes said to be 'Bizarre Triomphant', the descriptions of that rose are significantly different... The color is vivid purple-crimson, deepening in the center and aging to maroon, lilac, and mauve-gray...
p. 121: [Verrier lists 'Charles de Mills' and 'Bizarre Triomphant' separately.] Bizarre Triomphant ('Rose Bleu', 'Slate-colored Rose') Gallica. Descemet (France) before 1813... medium, double, blue-slate to purple, streaked with dark lilac... The English synonym, 'Slate-colored Rose', is from Gore, who frequently translated French rose names...
Article (newsletter)  (Feb 1999)  Page(s) 2.  
Bizarre triomphant (syn. 'Charles de Mills') Before 1790... one of 15 Dutch gallicas that definitely or probably originated in the Low Countries and which are still in cultivation today
Website/Catalog  (4 Jan 1999)  Page(s) 20.  Includes photo(s).
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